Home News and Politics Mind-Blowing Revelation: Indonesia’s Shocking Role in the New World Order – You Won’t Believe What They’re Capable of!

Mind-Blowing Revelation: Indonesia’s Shocking Role in the New World Order – You Won’t Believe What They’re Capable of!

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Mind-Blowing Revelation: Indonesia’s Shocking Role in the New World Order – You Won’t Believe What They’re Capable of!

Indonesia’s Approach to Ukraine and China

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Indonesia has adopted a unique approach to both the war in Ukraine and the rivalry between the United States and China. As an emerging power in Southeast Asia, Indonesia is deeply concerned about the potential negative consequences of antagonistic blocs. Its diplomats often refer to Indonesia as “rowing between two reefs,” striving to chart a middle path between great powers. In its efforts to maintain regional stability, Indonesia takes a regional approach to world order and looks to ASEAN as the primary forum for managing security issues.

Indonesia’s Approach to Ukraine

Indonesia has pursued a policy of strict neutrality in the war between Russia and Ukraine. Unlike Western capitals, Indonesian President Joko Widodo proclaimed that both Ukraine and Russia are friends of Indonesia. Jakarta has not joined the sanctions regime, citing concerns that sanctions would escalate tensions and harm civilians worldwide. It has also refrained from sending weapons to Ukraine due to constitutional constraints and a lack of useful military equipment. While Indonesia initially supported UN resolutions condemning the invasion, it abstained from voting on a resolution to suspend Russia’s membership on the Human Rights Council.

Indonesia has actively sought to negotiate an end to the war in Ukraine. President Widodo traveled to Russia and Ukraine to facilitate a détente between the warring parties. He secured guarantees from Russian President Vladimir Putin on the safe delivery of food and fertilizer from the war zone. Despite criticism from Western officials, Indonesia’s Defense Minister Prabowo Subianto has proposed a peace plan in his personal capacity. Indonesia’s interest in ending the conflict is driven in part by the negative economic impacts it has experienced. The war has caused inflation, disrupted supply chains, and affected Indonesia’s access to essential commodities like wheat and fertilizer.

Jakarta’s Approach to U.S.-China Competition

Indonesia has expressed concern about the increasing tensions between the United States and China and the potential for open conflict. As an important economic partner to both countries, Indonesia is wary of choosing sides and emphasizes the need to manage this competition carefully. Its economic ties with China, particularly in infrastructure development, make it challenging for Indonesian officials to openly criticize Beijing. Despite being home to the world’s largest population of Muslims, Indonesia did not publicly speak out against China’s persecution of the Uyghur population. Instead, it voted against a UN motion to investigate China’s human rights abuses in Xinjiang, sparking accusations that Jakarta was prioritizing its economic relationship with Beijing.

Indonesia has security concerns regarding China, particularly related to encroachments on its exclusive economic zone near the Natuna Islands. However, Jakarta prefers to address these concerns quietly and without the involvement of outside powers. It has asserted its sovereignty over these waters and taken action against illegal fishing by vessels from various countries. While Indonesia seeks good relations with both China and the United States, its emphasis on economic development presents a delicate balancing act. Jakarta aims to protect its own interests while avoiding entanglement in strategic competition.

The Importance of Strategic Independence

Indonesia recognizes the strategic importance of maintaining independence amidst U.S.-China competition. Its policy of nonalignment is influenced by historical events, such as the mass killings in the 1960s, which make Jakarta cautious about aligning with any power. Indonesia’s leadership positions in the G20 and ASEAN further require a neutral approach. While the country seeks to benefit from both U.S.-China rivalries and cooperation, it rejects the binary choice offered by these powers. Instead, Indonesia prioritizes its own strategic independence, treading carefully with China and finding ways to navigate the changing dynamics of climate transition and strategic competition.

References:
Yerica Lai, “Jokowi Opens G20 Summit With a Call for Wisdom, End of War,” Jakarta Post, November 15, 2022.
Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah Umar, “The Rise of the Asian Middle Powers: Indonesia’s Conceptions of International Order,” International Affairs, Vol. 99, no. 4 (July 2023).
Shotaro Tani and Koya Jibiki, “Indonesia’s Jokowi Calls for Cease-fire in Russia-Ukraine War,” Nikkei Asia, March 9, 2022.
Sui-Lee Wee, “Once Inward-Looking, Joko Widodo Casts Himself as a Global Statesman,” New York Times, November 13, 2022.
And other sources as cited.

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